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Health & Fitness

The Care And Maintenance Of Lifters

Isn’t it just the best feeling when you find out your doctor lifts?



Isn’t it just the best feeling when you find out your doctor lifts? Doctors who lift say things like, “Let’s keep you working out.” I get a fuzzy feeling when this happens.

Recently, this happened when I went to a hand doctor for a sore thumb (no, really). A lifter himself, he said something else that resonated: “When something starts hurting, I know it’s just a matter of time til something else comes up.” He shrugged and smiled.

If you’re frustrated by aches and pains from lifting, let this soak in: Those of us who train consistently are hard on our bodies. It’s the same with runners and anyone else who trains repetitively. Repetitive stress injuries are common and don’t just come from sports – playing an instrument, using the computer, texting, playing video games, and cashiering are all repetitive motions.

When this kind of stress occurs repeatedly over time, the body’s joints can’t recover. As a result, the joints and surrounding tendons and muscles become irritated and inflamed. Muscle and joint dysfunction happen, along with chronic pain.

We lifters try very hard not to have flat-out injuries. We practice pristine form, add variation to our workouts, and give ourselves time to recover. We know the rules of lifting: Use your core, don’t arch your back, keep your shoulders down.

But what most of us experience more often than an acute injury is nagging pain or tightness in a muscle, ligament, or joint. Tendonitis, muscle spasms, and inflammation are language of repetitive use. The benefits of lifting outweigh these aches and pains, but we’d rather not have them because they interfere with lifting!

Ignorance Is Not Bliss; Lifting Is Bliss

While visiting my family in Dallas recently, we hopped in their minivan for an overnight trip about 85 miles away. My husband and I were startled when the van let out a loud, whining sound, but once the van warmed up the shrieking noise faded away. Apparently, this had gone on for some time, and everyone forgot about it. But sure enough, as we were getting ready to come back the next day, the minivan choked and refused to start. My dad looked under the hood and pulled out a belt that was completely tattered.

I’m sure you know what I’m getting at here. Over time, we accumulate wear and tear from lifting. If you ignore your body’s signals, it’s eventually going to break down.

Methodically addressing each ache, pain, and tweak helps you avoid bigger issues down the road. A side benefit of “ongoing maintenance” is that over time, you’ll have fewer aches and pains from lifting as you learn how to train smarter. Actively engaging in prehab is simple maintenance with a big payoff.

Treating Tweaks Like Training

In theory, the perfect training program will help you avoid injury. And it will help. But in practice, human factors like overconfidence, impatience, distraction, and inexperience can interfere. Take my thumb issue, for example. I probably strained it when did cleans as a warm up. Heck, it seemed like a fine idea at the time; I was feeling strong and limber and needed the challenge. Looking back, though, I can see that it was a lame idea, particularly with my degenerative wrists. I knew it probably wasn’t injured, but I wanted an X-ray to make sure.

Here’s the reality: When you train day in and day out (i.e., consistently), you’ve got to care for your occasional aches and pains as if they’re part of your training. I view this as the “care and maintenance” of lifters – you.

When an ache or pain crops up, you can learn from it. Eventually, you’ll understand what you should always do and what you should never do. Your tweaks become less frequent, injuries non-existent, and you’ll be able to do what you love – train.

We’re Jacked Up Before We Even Lift

Pretty much everyone is at risk for aches and pains from lifting, simply because we’re jacked up before we even walk into the gym.

Your 30-minute commute, hours of hunching at the computer, your 30-minute commute home, and the fanfuckingtastic evening couch time all cause tightness in your body and weak, inactive glutes.

The result? When you lift weights, your body tries to “move around” tightness and underfunctioning muscles, causing smaller muscles to take up the slack. Over time, your body’s compensations cause overuse of support muscles and dysfunctional movement patterns.

In the end, those tight hips from sitting might cause you to favor your quads during squats, thus knee pain. Those tight upper traps might cause you to unconsciously shrug during overhead presses, causing rotator cuff irritation or muscle spasms. All this noise hurts, as you most likely already know.

Some of these problems do originate in the weight room due to improper form, lack of knowledge, or bad decisions. We typically know it when we make a mistake that causes a tweak or injury.

A System For Lifting Longevity

If you listen to your body’s signals, tweaks usually won’t turn into full-fledged injuries. Incorporating preventative measures into your training and your life will help you move from constantly tweaked to that blissful place of being (mostly) strong and injury-free.

Prehab – Your Best Friend

I don’t really care what the current buzzword is for prehab. Just do it. Your routine should also be individual to your aches and pains, workout, and history. Most importantly, it should be systematic. Here’s what I do, and what I recommend for my clients.

Before Every Workout

Foam roll tight, overactive muscles and adhesions acquired while sitting and doing other repetitive motions.

Foam roll whatever feels tight or painful that day (adductors, hip flexors, quads, glutes, calves, lats, rhomboids, etc.).

Most people do not foam roll correctly. The proper technique is to find a tender spot and stay on it until it releases (20-60 seconds). Simply rolling back and forth might increase blood flow a bit, but it won’t work out adhesions.

By the way, if your low back hurts, please don’t foam roll your low back. Instead, foam roll your glutes, adductors, and tensor fascia latae (TFL), as these muscles tie into the lumbar spine. It’s also not a good idea to foam roll your anterior delts in most cases, but give your rear delts, pectorals, and lats extra love as needed.

There are endless foam rolling instruments of pleasure you can use! I posted this quick list of my favorite tools on Instagram:

Do a 10-minute dynamic warm up consisting of 6-8 exercises

Each time I arrive in the gym, I deliberately avoid looking at the squat rack. That’s because if I see that the squat rack is empty, I have an insane temptation to run over there without warming up. By now, I’ve suffered the consequences of skipping my dynamic warm up enough times that I rarely skip it. I’m not a fan of needlessly pulled muscles.

Dynamic warm ups are simple, bodyweight exercises that take your joints and muscles gently and safely through the same movements as your workout. Dynamic warm ups can result in increased flexibility and range of motion. In effect, that means your warm up is your best tool for lifting longevity.

A few of my favorite dynamic warm-up exercises are:

  • Single-leg glute bridge
  • Glute bridge with leg whip
  • Split-stance adductor mobilization
  • Quad/hip flexor stretch
  • Band pull apart
  • Shoulder dislocate

The lunge with thoracic rotation is another one of my favorites for upper-body mobility.


♦ Do five minutes of static stretching. Your muscles actually get tight while you’re lifting, too. It’s a good idea to loosen things up with static stretching after your sessions. I personally spend five minutes stretching my hips, quads, calves, lats, and pectorals.

Foam roll any known problem areas.

Daily and As Needed

Posture. Sitting is a major source of aches and pains for many folks. Stand or walk as much as possible during the day. At the computer, keep your shoulders down and relaxed and your chin tucked. Don’t look up at the computer screen and don’t hunch down over the keyboard. Always be conscious of your posture, whether you’re cooking, standing, driving, or sitting.

Soft tissue work. I often use a la crosse ball on the bottoms of my feet during the day (stand and roll the ball under your foot with gentle pressure). I’ll also sit on a foam roller on non-workout days or use the Beastie Ball on my rear delt. I have muscle spasms that act up now and then and I always address it the same day.

Rest and recovery. We all love to go hard and wish we could train every day. But smart lifters know that recovery is just as important as training. Leave 48 hours between training the same muscles, and give yourself days off.

When Something’s Wrong

There’s aches and pains from lifting, and then there are injuries. This is basic stuff – don’t ignore the loud whining sound or you risk being down for the count for a long time. (Also, use your discretion on how to proceed. I am NOT a doctor, so please do not assume that my advice will replace one.)

  • If you feel a twinge, tweak, pull, or pain, STOP what you’re doing. It might be a good idea to grab a foam roller and try to work out the area right then and there. But I still recommend stopping the exercise until you can tell how bad it is. Just trying to “finish the set” is bullshit, so don’t do that.
  • Take standard precautions, like icing, compression, and rest.
  • For god’s sake, do not train that area again until it’s pain free!
  • Get a diagnosis and tests done to help you determine what’s up.

As far as my sore thumb goes, the hand doctor says it’s probably a strained ligament from months ago. It will heal eventually. When I tape it, it doesn’t hurt. So I tape it.

Those of us who lift consistently for years may face aches and pains from lifting from time to time. We may not be right off the lot, but if well cared for, we’ve got miles to go.

This article originally appeared on

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Health & Fitness

5 Moves to Target the Lower Abs



It’s no secret that not all exercises that target the lower abs are created equal; some are more effective than others. For anyone that’s wanting to target the lower abs, it can be very frustrating, to say the least. However, targeting and strengthening the lower abs is possible. The trick is finding the best moves for you to build muscle and flatten or chisel the stomach the way you desire.

Also: Why the Glute Bridge Is Great for After an Abs Workout

Move 1: Rolling Plank
The plank in itself is a great move for the stomach area as a whole. However, this rolling plank works the entire core including the lower abdominal. It will also build strength in the lower back.

Here’s how to do it. Start in a plank position with the body making a straight line from feet to shoulders. Rotate the body to a right side plank and hold for about 10 to 15 seconds. Then repeat on the left side. 10 reps are recommended, 5 on each side.

Move 2: Hanging Leg Raise
Deep muscles are worked during this move as well as the lower back and abdominal area. The only equipment necessary is a chin-up bar. Simply hang from the bar with the feet together and knees bent slightly. Bend the knees and raise the hips at the same time and lift the thighs up to the chest. Pause then lower back to the start position. Do 3 sets of 10-12 reps each.

Move 3: Roll Up
The classic roll-up still can’t be beaten when it comes to the best move to build muscle in the lower tummy. Lay flat on your back, arms stretched straight above the head. Slowly bring them straight up, and raise off the floor to touch the toes. Slowly lower back down. Do 3 sets, 10 reps each.

Move 4: Leg Drop
Lift both legs to the ceiling. Make the abdominals tight then lower the legs slowly until they are a few inches above the floor. When the lower back starts lifting you’ve gone too far. Then raise them back up, and repeat. Do 10 reps and 3 sets.

Move 5: Scissors
Lift both legs straight to the ceiling. Lower the right leg until it’s just a bit off the floor, then switch legs. Do the move quickly with no breaks. Complete 3 sets of 10 reps each. For added benefits lift the head and shoulders off the floor.

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Health & Fitness

The importance of eating a diet high in alkaline foods and water

Alkaline for the Body



I am sure that many of you have been told of the importance of eating a diet high in alkaline foods and water. What is not as often mentioned is just how alkaline foods and water work to ensure optimal health.

Also: How can I Stay Motivated when it comes to Home Exercise?

To begin with, the consumption of an alkaline diet regulates the body’s PH factor. The body’s PH is measured on a scale from 0 to 14. When the body’s PH is kept at just above 7.0 a variety of bodily functions work more efficiently. The resulting health benefits are both numerous and of great importance.

– A diet high in alkaline foods and water is an excellent buffer against cardiovascular disease. Alkaline diets are great for reducing inflammation, the result of this is often the lowering of both cholesterol levels and blood pressure.

– A diet high in alkaline foods and water lowers the chronic pain effects for a variety of ailments. Another benefit of an alkaline diet’s inflammation lowering qualities is a great reduction in chronic pain symptoms. Alkaline foods and water can provide significant relief for chronic sufferers of chronic back pain, headaches, muscle spasms, and joint pain.

– A diet high in alkaline foods and water provides protection of bone density. Alkaline diets provide excellent mineral balance which facilitates bone growth and health. In addition, alkaline diets promote the production of growth hormone and the absorption of Vitamin D which provides further protection for bones.

– A diet high in alkaline foods and water reduces the risk of cancer. Alkaline diets provide an abundance of antioxidant protection against cancer. Also, alkaline environments are not conducive to the growth of cancer cells.

– A diet high in alkaline foods and water prevents the development of diabetes. The pancreas is a bodily organ provided with the task of regulating the body’s blood sugar. The pancreas is dependent on an alkaline environment to function properly. One study, focusing on the effects of alkaline water on blood sugar, showed that just a month of drinking alkaline water can bring the blood sugar of diabetics to a normal level.

The health benefits of eating a diet high in alkaline foods and water cannot be understated. I am sure that after reading just a few of these benefits you will agree that making a conscious effort to incorporate alkaline foods and water into your diet is well worth the effort.

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Health & Fitness

Prevent Muscle Loss During Fasted Cardio with BCAA Supplements

BCAAs to Start Your Day



Photo by Nicole De Khors

One of the most popular forms of extreme fat loss is fasted cardio. Usually done in the morning, this exercise method consists of working out the body anaerobically on an empty stomach, as opposed to full of calories from prior meals. The benefit of fasted cardio all lies in the specific targeting of fat reserves. More specifically, after eating a large meal, insulin levels are raised within the body. As cortisol levels are very high in the morning, they will target muscle cells with the increase in insulin. However, during a fasted state, those high cortisol levels in the morning can be utilized to target fat reserves as opposed to the muscle as the insulin levels will be greatly diminished during that fasting time. As explained by Men’s Fitness, “if you are fasted, insulin is low and cortisol will then go after body fat reserves”.

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For those looking to optimize their fat loss while still maintaining all of their hard-earned muscle, fasted exercise is not the only part of the equation. A healthy amount of Branch Chain Amino Acid’s to start your day will help to maintain all of that muscle that has taken so many dedicated hours in the gym to pack on. BCAA are essentially the very building blocks of muscles themselves. According to Layne Norton, experienced bodybuilder, and Ph.D., “BCAAs not only increase the rate of protein synthesis, but they also increase the cell’s capacity for protein synthesis”. So not only can this aminos help to you to maintain your muscles, it can also provide your muscles with a greater capacity for growth by targeting the actual muscle cells. But within a fasted state in the morning, we are primarily concerned with the rate of protein breakdown that may occur. Lucky for us, BCAA supplements can answer for this too. BCAA’s are also very capable of decreasing the rate at which protein breaks down. As explained again by Dr. Layne Norton, this can be explained by the aminos “decreasing the activity of the components of the protein breakdown pathway”.

In short, starting your days with a BCAA supplement is a great way to ensure that your muscle gains are not lost during fasted exercise. BCAA’s are one of the most well-researched supplements on the market and therefore finding a wealth of knowledge on them is not difficult. A simple search engine will guide you through a host of well documented and researched information. Additionally, these supplements are easy to find at any local supplement store or more simply online.

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